What is the 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV)?
The 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is a large family of viruses that are common in animals such as camels, cattle, cats and bats and is rarely found in humans. Coronavirus was first detected in Wuhan, China and thought to have spread from animal to person from a seafood and animal meat market but was later discovered that the outbreak of the Coronavirus was spreading from person to person.
What are the symptoms of 2019 novel Coronavirus?
In confirmed cases, symptoms can range from mildly sick to severely ill including death. In mild cases symptoms can include fever, sore throat, cough, headache, runny nose and in severe cases the symptoms can include high fever, cough with mucus, chest pain, tightness in chest with cough or breath, and shortness of breath. If you experience any of these symptoms contact your medical professional right away and avoid contact with others.
The 7 best ways to prevent 2019 novel coronavirus
With new confirmed cases every day, and multiple confirmed cases here in the Greater Toronto Area, we all need to be pro active in our preventative measures when it comes to the Coronavirus. Below, we have found and listed the 7 best ways to prevent catching and spreading of the 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV)
Wash your hands regularly
Washing your hands is always a great way to prevent sickness and the spread of germs. Be sure to wash them thoroughly and often, especially during key times when you are likely to get and spread germs, such as treating a cut, before preparing a meal and after using the washroom.
The best way to wash your hands is with clean, warm water and applying soap to your hands, in between your fingers and under your finger nails. Be sure to scrub for at least 20 seconds, rinsing thoroughly and drying with a clean towel or air dryer.
avoid touching your eyes, nose & mouth
It is always a good practice to avoid touching your face, especially your eyes, nose & mouth, this will help tremendously when it comes to avoiding nasty germs such as the Coronavirus. Some times we touch our face subconsciously or if we have an itch, but there are several ways to combat the urge. Keeping your hands busy by doing activities such as doodling or knitting will keep you occupied enough to keep the germs away from your face, sometimes just sitting on your hands works as well. Another great way is to put a reminder on your hand or finger such as tying a string or shoelace around your finger.
avoid others who are sick
Avoiding others who are sick with any type of cold, flu or infection is always going to be on the top of the list to avoid becoming sick, unfortunately we all have lives to live, a job to go to as well as other daily activities. If you are at work and notice someone is sick, do your best to avoid them as much as possible, as well as avoiding anything they may have touched or been around such as faucets, writing utensils or work tools. Also completely avoid sharing food, drinks or dishes with anyone that shows signs of illness.
stay home when you are sick
Most of the time when we are feeling ill, staying at home in bed is the only thing we can do. Feeling weak, tired & achy makes it impossible to get out of bed in the morning, but its our best and most effective way of recovering.
Staying at home is also a great way to keep the virus contained and from spreading to your family & friends. If you have other family members in your household do your best to keep your distance, let them know you are sick by calling them on the phone or sending them an email, even if it is from the next room.
Be sure to sanitize frequently to keep any virus or germs from spreading throughout your home.
cover your cough's & sneezes
Did you know the germs in your sneeze can travel up to 200 times further then the water particles released in your sneeze! These germs can form a protective barrier that allows them to drift across large spaces and allowing them to live on surfaces for weeks on end. By covering your mouth and nose you can prevent the spread of germs like the Coronavirus to your friends and family.
The best and most effective way to cough or sneeze is into a tissue, not only does it prevent the germs from escaping, but with the proper tissues it can leave your nose and face clean. Always remember to properly dispose of any tissue you use, as it can contain the illness or virus that is effecting you.
If a tissue is not available, the next best option is to sneeze into your sleeve in the bend of your elbow, doing your best to catch the spray of the germs. Be sure to sanitize any skin that was exposed to your germs and send any clothing that was caught in the crossfire to be washed as soon as possible.
clean and disinfect anything you touch
Falling ill to the Coronavirus can be devastating, but watching a friend or close family member be severely sick can be just as torturous, that is why it is important to clean and disinfect as much as possible to prevent the spread of germs. Disinfecting all surfaces such as counters, doors and doorknobs, kitchen appliances and bathroom fixtures on a regular basis will help to kill and remove any harmful germs and bacteria. Be sure to use a high quality disinfecting agent along with the proper tools and a good pair of latex gloves, which should be disposed of after every cleaning.
Clothes and bedding can also carry Coronavirus germs so it is important to regularly wash and dry them using a high quality laundry agent that will be sure to kill any germs. Germs can also live on plates, bowls and any other dishes that are used in the household so be sure to use a high quality dish soap if hand washing or set the dishwasher to sanitize if available.